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New areas of coverage include the environmentally appropriate uses of copper cables in power transmission for wind and solar energy sources; the recycling of electronic scrap as an important new feedstock to the copper industry, and state-of-the-art Ausmelt and Isasmelt bath smelting processes for sulfide concentrate smelting and converting
The occurrence of cobalt with copper and nickel and the propensity for this material to report mainly to the final-process discard slag has provided a substantial resource in both current arisings and stockpiles in many copper and nickel smelting operations. Ausmelt has undertaken investigations for the recovery of cobalt from smelter slags using top-submerged lancing technology. These tests ...
Oct 27, 2015· The application of Ausmelt technology to base metal smelting The tuyère pipes block rapidly and have to be kept clear by punching frequently with a rod. The operation is batch in nature, with ladles of molten material being charged to and removed from the converter at regular intervals.
• Until 2000'sflash smelting technology represent most of the smelting preferences in new operations. • Since, most of the new smelter prefer bath smelter, mostly Ausmelt/Isasmelt® furnaces and Chinese reactors. 3 8 13 8 9 6 3 4 3 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Before 1980 Between 1980 - 2000 After 2000 s Smelting technologies through time Bath ...
Top submerged lance direct zinc smelting J. Hoanga, M.A. Reutera,*, R. Matusewicza, S. Hughesa, N. Piretb a Ausmelt Ltd., 12 Kitchen Rd., Dandenong, Vic 3175, Australia bPiret & Stolberg Partners, Im Licht 12, D-47279 Duisburg, Germany article info Article history: Received 22 September 2008 Accepted 24 December 2008 Available online 8 February 2009
Both Ausmelt and Isasmelt smelting are based on the technology developed at CSIRO in the 1970's. Basic Operations. Ausmelt/Isasmelt copper smelting entails dropping moist solid feed into a tall cylindrical furnace while blowing oxygen-enriched air through a …
Mar 27, 2017· The Outotec ® Ausmelt Top Submerged Lance Process is one such example, which has been widely adopted in the modernisation of copper processing facilities in China and Russia. Despite improvements in the energy efficiency of modern copper smelting and converting technologies, additional innovation and development is required to further reduce ...
AUSMELT TECHNOLOGY-DEVELOPMENTS IN COPPER. ... Ausmelt smelting and converting integrated flow sheet. In 2003, the first of two Ausmelt batch convert ing furnaces were commissioned as.
Central to the Outotec Ausmelt® TSL process is the use of a vertically suspended lance submerged in the slag layer of the molten bath. Injection of fuel and process gases (air and oxygen) result in significant bath agitation and mixing, delivering a high-intensity, dynamic smelting process with highly specific smelting …
Sep 16, 2011· acid plant anode Ausmelt blast casting catalyst bed cathode cells chalcocite chalcopyrite Chapter Chile circuit Clausthal-Zellerfeld converter slag cooling Copper electrorefining copper extraction copper production copper smelting cost Cu2O Cu2S Cu2þ diameter direct-to-copper dissolved dust electric electrolyte electrowinning Extractive ...
Ausmelt/Isasmelt matte smelting, continuous converting by Outokumpu and Mitsu- ... of Chloridizing roast is to convert certain metals to their water soluble chlorides. Notable among such applications is the treatment of pyrite cinders with CaCl 2 for the recovery of nonferrous values.
FIG 3 – Possible Distribution of Elements for Secondary Copper Smelting in the Ausmelt TSL Furnace Typically, secondary copper materials are processed in the Ausmelt TSL Furnace using one of two basic flowsheets (FIG - 4), both of which are variations of the Knudsen process. ... An oxidative converting stage in the same Ausmelt TSL Furnace ...
The Outotec ® Ausmelt Top Submerged Lance Process is one such example, which has been widely adopted in the modernisation of copper processing facilities in China and Russia. Despite improvements in the energy efficiency of modern copper smelting and converting technologies, additional innovation and development is required to further reduce ...
SECONDARY COPPER PROCESSING USING OUTOTEC AUSMELT TSL TECHNOLOGY ... Outotec Ausmelt Pty Ltd, 12 Kitchen Road, Dandenong, VICTORIA, 3175 ... Batch smelting and converting to produce blister Cu.
Abstract. The technical feasibility of recovering copper, nickel, and cobalt from smelting and converting slags using Ausmelt's top-submerged lancing process has been demonstrated at the pilot-plant scale and in several commercial applications.
The application of Ausmelt technology to base metal smelting The furnace structure consists typically of a vertical steel cylinder, water cooled on the outside and lined ... converting furnace mattes containing copper, iron, sulphur as well as (in some cases) nickel and cobalt:
ISASMELT technology has been applied to lead, copper, and nickel smelting, and by 2013 fifteen plants were in operation in ten countries, with another five in various stages of development. The installed capacity of the operating plants in 2013 was over 8 million tonnes per year (t/y) of feed materials, with additional capacity to come on line in 2013 and 2014.
The Outotec Ausmelt Standby Burner is used for controlling the temperature of the Ausmelt TSL Furnace. The burner consists of a burner head, through which fuel (natural gas, LPG, or LFO) and combustion air are delivered in the furnace freeboard (above-bath) region.
The Outotec Ausmelt Nickel Converting Process is used for the converting of low-grade matte into high-grade matte and is used in the Anglo Platinum Converting Process (ACP) in Rustenburg, South Africa. The variation in nickel sulphide concentrate properties presents challenges in the smelting …
Smelting and Converting; Ausmelt® TSL Furnace; Outotec Ausmelt® TSL Furnace. Benefit from the flexible design of the Outotec Ausmelt® TSL (top submerged lancing) Furnace for pyrometallurgical processing, part of the Outotec Ausmelt® TSL process range. The furnace configurations range from fully insulated – comprising a steel shell lined ...
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